Examples of irony in English literature

What is Irony?

The irony is a literary device, popularly used by authors in fiction, novels as well as other types of contents, which are seemed contradict.

The irony in English Literature

With the utilization of irony in English literature, it seemed as true. But, implementation of irony becomes true only when people become able to find out the differences between what happens by authors creativity and what should be happened according to the climax of the story outline. An unforeseen outcome of the characters, their behaviors as well as other congruous things are delivered to the audiences through the implementation of irony in English literature.

Examples of irony in English literature

For examples of irony in English literature, authors use different situations such as pilots have a feat of altitude and height; many users of Facebook are now complaining about the privacy policy of social media, fire station burnt down due to sudden outburst, and many others. In this scenario, peoples get a great taste of climax for the situational changes.

Use of Irony Technique in English Writing

In English writing, authors use this technique of irony to bridge the difference between the unexpected ending of the author's thinking along with the readers' natural expectation level. In English literature, there is a huge type of utilization of different kinds of irony. It is highly used in expressing sarcastic views.

For example, in a climax when a waiter of a hotel drops a tray from his hand, the author provides the expression with “great job". When a situation goes in an opposite direction from the expected one, it is also called situational irony or irony of events. Authors place this situational irony in the opposite direction whether it is tragic or humorous but it should be an unexpected one to the readers. Previously, it is discussed through examples as fire station burns down because it is quite unexpected to all. After all, in a fire station, there are lots of fire officers to protect the building.

Another popular example of situational irony is the discussion on the divorce of a marriage counselor because that person provides advice for settling down many marriages. In English literature, the irony is mainly utilized to develop suspense, and here the hope, fear, and expectations from readers changes. In this turn when readers fail to assume the storyline, then interest is also enhanced.

Dramatic Irony:

For utilization of irony in English literature, it is very important to know its differences with sarcasm. Sarcasm is often utilized as irony but irony does not mean only sarcasm. In dramatic irony, there is the expression through the working structure. Through dramatic irony, the authors provide a contradiction between the expectation of audiences and the thinking level of the author. Dramatic irony is highly popular across the world due to different kinds of dramatic live performances though it's also found to be present in the writing contents, literature as well as normal life. Irony meaning the contrary between the different kinds of climaxes, situation, contradictions, as well as characters. The irony in sentences develops the suspense as well as science which makes the reader conscious and attentive towards the performing arts.


It's the basic step behinds the utilization of irony in English literature Due to its importance in changing the tract or situation of literary content. But, it acts as the English writing devices for enhancing the quality as well as the attraction of the literary document. Proper utilization of irony helps authors to develop the level of contents whereas it inspires audiences to think everything from contrary angles also. Irony helps authors to enrich the English literature through enhancing the sphere of thinking, idea, as well as its emerging probability level.